Everybody has hemorrhoids. However, not everybody is going to suffer a problem from their hemorrhoids. The only time there will be an issue is if the hemorrhoids start to swell up. While swollen hemorrhoids are a common condition, you are still more likely than not to avoid them. On this page, we want to talk about thrombosed hemorrhoids which, while the most severe form of hemorrhoids, are not especially dangerous.
Thrombosed hemorrhoids are, essentially, hemorrhoids which have a blood clot inside of them. As we mentioned already, the condition is not going to be dangerous. It can, however, be incredibly painful and uncomfortable, particularly when you are passing a stool.
Thrombosed hemorrhoids is a name usually reserved for external hemorrhoids.
The Symptoms of a Thrombosed Hemorrhoid
For the most part, the symptoms are very much the same as any other type of hemorrhoid condition. This can make them easy to spot. Symptoms can include:
- Itching around the anus. This may be constant, although it may be especially bad shortly after you have passed a stool.
- Bleeding whenever you pass a stool, although the bleeding may also randomly occur throughout the day. If you find that you have bleeding in your underwear, then this is a good indication that you may be suffering from a swollen hemorrhoid.
- If there is a lump or swelling around your anus. In most cases, there will be just one or two lumps. However, in serious cases of thrombosed hemorrhoids, there may be a lot more than that.
If the thrombosed hemorrhoid is left untreated, then it can form an abscess. If this forms, then you will have an infection. This can cause not only more pain, but for you to need to start to deal with flu-like symptoms. Basically, this is the worst possible case scenario when it comes to dealing with hemorrhoids.
It is probably worth pointing out at this stage that while all these symptoms are likely to indicate that you do have hemorrhoids, there are more serious conditions that they can also be related to. This is why it is so important that you head to your doctor where they should be able to provide you with the right diagnosis (see here diagnosis of hemorrhoids). Under no circumstances should you be diagnosing the hemorrhoids on your own. You may get it right. In fact, you likely will, but for the small chance that you could be suffering from a more serious condition, we would not like to take the risk on that one.
What Causes Thrombosed Hemorrhoids?
Your hemorrhoids will start to swell up because there is an increased amount of pressure on the veins surrounding your rectum. There are several reasons as to why this may occur.
Perhaps the number one cause of thrombosed hemorrhoids will be straining as you try to pass a stool. If you strain too hard, normally because you are constipated, then you will be putting a lot of pressure on the hemorrhoids. This can cause them to swell up quite drastically. In other cases, it may be because your stools are too loose e.g. you have diarrhea.
There are several conditions which can cause irregular bowel movements. If you are not passing a stool regularly, then this may indicate an underlying medical problem which needs to be treated. While you are going to be suffering from hemorrhoids which are going to need to be treated, it is important that the underlying medical condition is treated at the same time. Trust us, it is going to be a whole lot worse.
If you are pregnant, then the baby is going to be putting pressure on your veins. This can restrict blood flow, particularly blood flow out of the area where the hemorrhoids are located. This can cause them to swell. The problem may be made even worse while you are pushing while giving birth to the baby. Thankfully, in most cases, the hemorrhoids are going to disappear just as quickly as they appeared.
Many people who are overweight will also find that they are of a higher risk of thrombosed hemorrhoids. This is for much the same reason as the pregnancy thing (minus the baby). The hemorrhoids are going to swell up because there is an increased amount of pressure on the lower extremities of your body. Thankfully, losing weight means that most of these issues are going to disappear very quickly.
Finally; if you are sitting or standing for long periods of time, you are going to be putting an increased amount of pressure on the lower half of your body. This will increase the risks of you suffering from hemorrhoids, sadly!
What are the risks of suffering from thrombosed hemorrhoids?
Very few! Thrombosed hemorrhoids are not necessarily dangerous. Yes, they are going to cause you a significant amount of discomfort, but they are not going to be dangerous unless you are unlucky enough for one to be infected. You will still want to have them treated as soon as possible. Remember what we said earlier? There is normally a reason as to why you are suffering from the hemorrhoids in the first place, and that is going to be a lot more dangerous than the actual hemorrhoids.
What are the treatment options for thrombosed hemorrhoids?
The main aim for the doctor will be to reduce the size of the hemorrhoids. This can be done in several ways, although the best methods are either through the use of hemorrhoid cream, proper diet plan or home remedies. In most cases, this is all that is really going to be required. You will likely need to couple this with some lifestyle changes and the like.
If you have serious thrombosed hemorrhoids, or maybe the condition returns repeatedly, then your doctor may make the call for you to go down the route of surgery. However, it is worth noting that surgery is always going to be the last resort when it comes to dealing with hemorrhoids, for obvious reasons!